Building Vigilant Leaders for a Vibrant India

Invite

Christ Junior College, Bengaluru takes immense pleasure in inviting your esteemed institution  to Christ Junior College State Level Youth Parliament
scheduled on 13 and 14 September, 
2019 at 8:30 A.M. This year’s Youth Parliament is expected to be even more significant,  eminent and special.

The objective of Christ Junior College Model Parliament is to sensitize the youth towards the  concept, scope, relevance, and functions of the Parliament and also provide exposure to  understand the role of Parliamentarians in the law making process.

The structure of the Youth Parliament will be designed to replicate the functioning of the Lok  Sabha, National Security Council and Historical Committee.

We invite all aspiring parliamentarians across Karnataka to be a part of this enriching and  empowering journey and watch the youth of today become dynamic, vigilant and visionary  political leaders.

Looking forward to your active participation.

Regards

Principal

Agenda for Deliberation


LOK SABHA
HISTORICAL COMMITTEE
NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL


LOK SABHA – AGENDA FOR DELIBERATION

  • The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2015

  • National Sports University Bill, 2018

  • The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017

  • The Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2017

  • The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of atrocities) Bill,2018

  • Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019

  • The National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill, 2019

  • The Aadhaar and Other Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2019

  • National Education Policy 2019 

  • Right To Information Act 2019 

ZERO HOUR:

  • Anti-Defection under 10th schedule of the Constitution 

  • GST Amendment Bill, 2018

  • One nation one election

  • Reservation system in India and the necessary amendments relating to the same with respect to the Constitutional provisions. 

  • The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2011

  • Article 370 and 35A

PASSING OF THE BILL:

The Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2019

GST BILL 2018

The GST Bill has become one of the main points of discussion around the country thanks to its ability to completely reform the whole taxation system in India. The objective of the bill is to simplify the system for taxpayers by unifying the taxes applicable to consumers and suppliers alike. GST was implemented after the approval of four bills passed by the government, viz., Goods and Services Tax Bill, Integrated GST Bill, Compensation GST Bill, and Union Territory GST Bill.

THE JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) AMENDMENT BILL, 2015

The Bill  transfers duties from the court to the district magistrate. The bill also would consider the minors between the age group of 16-18 as adults if they are tried for committing heinous crimes. The bill mandates setting up Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committeesin every district. Both must have at least one-woman member each.  The bill aims at creating a central adoptive resource agency that will frame the rules  for adoption, which will be implemented by state and district level agencies.  It extends to whole of India except the two union territories of Jammu and Kashmir.  It is an expedient to re-enact the Juvenile Justice (care and protection of children) Act, 2000.

NATIONAL SPORTS UNIVERSITY BILL. 2018

The bill establishes National Sports University in Manipur which will function as a national training centre for selected sports disciplines. The Bill empowers the University to grant degrees, diplomas, and certificates, despite being first of its kind to promote sports technology, sports sciences, management and coaching. It also allows the Government to establish campuses and study centres in other parts of the country. It also has the authority to set up a court that will review the policies of the university and suggest measures for development and also allows the setting up of an executive council which will be held accountable for the administrative affairs of the university and specifies the statutes.

THE RIGHT OF CHILDREN TO FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2017

The bill amends the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act,2009 by extending the deadline for teachers to acquire the prescribed minimum qualifications for appointment. Under the Act, if a state does not have adequate teacher training institutions or the sufficient number of qualified teachers, the provision to possess minimum qualifications is relaxed for a period not exceeding five years. 

THE INTER-STATE RIVER WATER DISPUTES (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2017

The bill seeks to amend the Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, 1956. Under the Act, when a complaint is received from a state government regarding a water dispute, the central government may ask the affected states to undertake negotiations to settle the dispute. If the dispute cannot be settled through negotiations, the central government has to set up a Water Disputes Tribunal within a year of receiving such a complaint. Under the Act, any water disputes tribunal has to give its decision on a dispute within a period of three years. This period is extendable by a maximum of two years.

THE SCHEDULED CASTES AND THE SCHEDULED TRIBES (PREVENTION OF ATROCITIES) BILL, 2018

It seeks to amend the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. It  prohibits the commission of offences against members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and establishes special courts for the trial of such offences and the rehabilitation of victims. The bill rules out any provision for anticipatory bail for a person accused of atrocities against SC and ST's notwithstanding any Court order. The opposition also said that it had "diluted" and rendered "toothless" the law against atrocities faced by the weaker sections of the society by putting additional safeguards against arrest to the accused.

CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT BILL, 2019
The Bill seeks to facilitate the acquisition of citizenship by 6 identified minority communities namely Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Christians and Parsis from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh who came to India before 31-12-2014. The said bill will have an effect all across the country and it’s not only specific the north-east region or one particular state of Assam. The persecuted people who migrated from Pakistan to Rajasthan or other bordering states on the western frontier will also get relief. The opposition has been vehemently opposing the bill and have termed the bill to be divisive and insidious and said that it goes against the basic tenants of the Constitution and the government has openly stated that the burden of this particular action will not be imposed unfairly only on Assam but it would be shared by different states.

Amendment:  The bill introduced changes in the terms and conditions of appointment of the chief information commissioner (CIC) at the Centre and the information commissioners in states. The RTI amendment bill has three provisions that have been challenged by the Opposition members in Parliament and by activists working in the field.

NATIONAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2019 

The NIA was set up in 2009 in the wake of the Mumbai terror attack which had claimed 166 lives. The bill provides for a national-level agency to investigate and prosecute offences listed in a schedule (scheduled offences). Further, it allows for the creation of Special Courts for the trial of scheduled offences. The bill was a result of heated debates and controversial statements of the ruling and the opposition parties. While the government endorsed this bill as to secure the nation against terrorism and was towards the national state, while the opposition took the stand of calling this attempt to make India a police state.

Again there is an apprehension of providing sweeping powers to the police officers which they believed it to be not advisable and the bill is also condemned of having a vague definition of national interests in a bill.   

THE AADHAAR AND OTHER LAWS (AMENDMENT) BILL 2019

This bill aims at stiffening of identification criteria. It also addresses the privacy and security concerns. It makes it mandatory for a citizen of India to avail any scheme that will be provided by the government. All the safeguards provided in this bill aim at prohibiting the misuse of aadhaar biometrics. This bill .also contains a provision that this information /details provided in the aadhaar will be shared only when there is a threat to national security or if the court orders so.

NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY 2019

The draft Policy provides for reforms at all levels of education from school to higher education. It seeks to increase the focus on early childhood care, reform the current exam system, strengthen teacher training, and restructure the education regulatory framework. It also seeks to set up a National Education Commission, increase public investment in education, strengthen the use of technology and increase focus on vocational and adult education, among others.

RTI ACT 2019 

An Act that provides for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority. The RTI bill 2019 seeks to amend the RTI Act of  2005. According to the RTI Act, 2005 public authorities are required to make disclosures on various aspects of their organ and functioning. But the former chiefs of the information panel have termed the proposed amendments as a direct attack on people's fundamental right to information and also claimed that that to ensure the commissions can function independently he said that their autonomy must be protected.  

ANTI-DEFECTION UNDER 10TH SCHEDULE OF THE CONSTITUTION

It lays down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection by the Presiding Officer of a legislature based on a petition by any other member of the House. A legislator is deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily gives up the membership of his party or disobeys the directives of the party leadership on a vote. This implies that a legislator defying (abstaining or voting against) the party whip on any issue can lose his membership of the House.  The law applies to both Parliament and state assemblies. This law affects the voting behaviour even n the issues that are not related to the stability of the government. So a member is not able to express his or her actual interest and beliefs. So should the leaders be given the right to file cases for restricting confidence and no confidence motions in the house.

GST AMENDMENT BILL, 2018
The Bill seeks to amend the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017.  The Act provides for levy and collection of the goods and services tax (GST) on intra-state supply of goods or services or both by the central government. The Act now provides that when a registered buyer buys from an unregistered dealer, then reverse charge is applicable, i.e. the buyer (recipient of goods/services) is liable to pay GST. GST aims to untangle the myriad web of laws, regulations and taxes and unify them with one single tax rate. But how far can we justify its advantages, on one hand a standard tax rate for all businesses will bring equality in the business ecosystem, and remove bias of any form encouraging healthy and honest competition it still acting as a burden to some economic agents. So what more can be done to achieve its desired objective.

ONE NATION ONE ELECTION
What the concept actually means is that elections to the Lok Sabha and all the state legislatures shall be held at the same time. It has been a debatable topic from a long time and it's not only talking about the funds, resources but has various political dimensions in it.It was prevalent till 1967. So should India with parliamentary form of government really take a simultaneous elections and how far will this be efficient in India for further elections.

RESERVATION SYSTEM IN INDIA AND THE NECESSARY AMENDMENTS RELATING TO THE SAME WITH RESPECT TO THE CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS

Reservation system in India has been followed ever since the constituent assembly had decided to provide for positive discrimination to the socially and educationally backward castes and classes. Although, reservations was to stop after ten years of enactment of the provision it continues to exists to provide educational and employment opportunities to the backward classes even today. The provisions relating to reservations are provided in article 15 and 16 of the Constitution of India.

THE UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES (PREVENTION) AMENDMENT BILL, 2011  

According to the statement of objects and reasons, the Bill amends the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 to make it more effective in preventing unlawful activities, and meet commitments made at the Financial Action Task Force (an intergovernmental organization to combat money laundering and terrorism financing).

The Bill amends the original Act to include the definition of a ‘person’.  A ‘person’ shall include (i) an individual; (ii) a Hindu undivided family; (iii) a company; (iv) a firm; (v) an association of persons or a body of individuals; (vi) every artificial juridical person; (vii) any agency, office or branch owned or controlled by any person falling within any of the preceding sub-clauses.

JAMMU AND KASHMIR RESERVATION BILL 2019

This bill  provides for reservation in appointments and promotions in certain state government posts to persons belonging to socially and educationally backward classes. It defines socially and educationally backward classes to include persons living in areas adjoining the Actual Line of Control. The Bill amends this to include those persons living in areas adjoining the International Border, within the ambit of  this reservation.

This will be read with Article 370 and  Article 35 A of the Constitution of India to thereby address the issues specifically. Cross border tensions along the international border have not left the people without socio-economic and educational backwardness, and this would imply the same for the people of J&K. Therefore there was a president demand from citizens residing in the areas adjoining the international border to bring them at par with the citizens living in areas adjoining the actual line of control. On the contrary, a politically active group slammed the move by saying that the Presidential rule in J&K would only lead to alienating people of the state while a few of the regional parties of J&K have termed this amendment as 'unconstitutional'.

HISTORICAL COMMITTEE    

THE FEDERAL STRUCTURE OF INDIA AND THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SAME  

The members are expected to discuss on the federal structure which the Constitution would provide for. It includes division of states, the division of powers between the Union and the states, the Centre -State relationship, independence of judiciary inter alia. The members are expected to discuss this with reference to the historical background which includes perusal of various Acts of the British government. Division of States happened on various aspects and one such major reasons where 1) Language 2) Religious majority of the population. Some States like Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Kashmir etc. is in the core of controversy today due to various Constitutional provisions and laws that follow. Through this agenda we shall simulate as to on what grounds Constitution must be drafted with respect to the above mentioned criteria’s.

THE MEANING, SCOPE AND DEVELOPMENT OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS  

 Article 12 to 32 of Indian constitution describes about fundamental rights, there are various provisions which many jurists opine that is not included  in the Constitution, while few prominent ones have a place in directive principles of State policy, while few are silent which gives judiciary some liberty to interpret it the way it wants to. The Assembly is expected to deliberate and decide on recognizing Fundamental rights of citizens, subjects, and aliens from the scratch. The committee is expected to deliberate upon the scope of these rights and decide if any restrictions or exemptions on them are necessary.

INCLUSION OF DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY IN THE CONSTITUTION.  

The Assembly will have to decide if there is a need to include Directive Principles of State of Policy (DPSPs) or ‘Instrument of Instructions’ for the government in the Constitution. If yes, then the committee is expected to finalize the DPSPs to be included in the Constitution.

THE TYPE, STRUCTURE AND THE FORM OF GOVERNMENT SUITABLE FOR INDIA. (EMPHASIS ON PRESIDENTIAL FORM VS PARLIAMENTARY FORM OF GOVERNANCE)  

The committee will have to decide upon the form and structure of the government independent India will have. Whether it will be a Parliamentary or Presidential democracy? Whether any other form of government like Constitutional Monarchy or Aristocracy can be followed in independent India.

NATIONAL LANGUAGE AND DECIDING ON THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE/S OF THE UNION

The very essence or fundamental reasoning for division of states in India happened on linguistic basis and in today’s scenario many states argue that a particular language which has been linguistically popular needs to be made the national language of India. Hence The Assembly will have to discuss the need for the Constitution to provide for a single National Language and the complications which arise from the same. Apart from this, the Constituent Assembly should also decide the official language or languages of the Union Government.

PROVISIONS TO PROVIDE FOR AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION IN FUTURE

In a country where Judiciary uses the Doctrine of Basic Structure to slam any law made by the Centre without providing reasonable justification and where the judicial and parliamentary authority is not defined it is expedient and necessary that the members have to decide the rigidness or the flexibility for amending the Constitution. The members are expected to deliberate on the procedure and extent to which the Constitution can be amended.

THE SCHEDULES OF THE CONSTITUTION.(SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON 9TH SCHEDULE {ANY LAW WHICH IS NOT UNDER THE PURVIEW OF JUDICIAL REVIEW} OF THE CONSTITUTION AND 10TH SCHEDULE {ELECTION LAWS} OF THE CONSTITUTION)

Various Schedules have various purpose. Schedules refer to categorizing different subject matters of the government policy and bureaucratic setup by tabulating them like an appendix. The members are expected to prepare list of schedules after deliberating and deciding upon other agendas mentioned above.


NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL

TERRORISM AND MILITANCY IN THE KASHMIR VALLEY

Terrorism and militancy in the Kashmir valley has been an issue that has plagued successive governments and political parties over the years. The threat to national security from border infiltrators working with terrorists and militants within India is immense and needs to be addressed in a cautious manner. Articles 370 and 35A and their recent revocation are also important parts of the discussion of the solutions to combat the emerging trends of terror and anti-state activities in Kashmir.

NAXALISM WITH REFERENCE TO EASTERN STATES OF INDIA

Naxalism, a far left radical movement which began in a small village in West Bengal more than 50 years ago has now spread its wings to Bihar,Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Odisha, referred to as the "red corridor". These areas also are some of the poorest and overpopulated regions in modern India. Will there be an end to this anti-national and anti-government movement in the near future? Or will it continue to haunt and terrorise the people for more decades to come?

INFLUX OF ROHINGYA MUSLIMS AND THE THREATS POSED BY ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS

The influx of Rohingya refugees has posed several legal and humanitarian challenges to the Indian government but arguably the most important of all is the threat to national security that comes with the acceptance of the refugees. In today's world, international agreements and humanitarian law are of great importance, but what must India prioritize, the security of its people or the needs of the refugees?

IMPACT OF GLOBAL TERRORISM WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO ISIS IN INDIA

Indian social, economic and political systems have been facing serious threats from different terrorist groups for the last few decades, and the implications of these incidences are increasing rapidly. This agenda on Impact of global terrorism with special reference to ISIS in India seeks to address and analyse the ramifications of terrorism and terrorist activities on economic and political systems in terms of the decline in GDP levels, increase in unnecessary military expenditure at the cost of social and economic developments, disincentives to the foreign investors, loss of diplomatic powers at global levels, social unrest, and increase in youth unemployment, poverty, political violence, and more.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    

PROGRAMME SCHEDULE

INAUGURATION 

Prayer song, Lighting of the lamp, Chief Guest’s Address, Briefing on the importance of Agenda by Chairs,
Principal’s Note and Vote of Thanks.























































































































                            




 DAY 1

























































































































8:15 AM -9:00 AM

Registration

























































































































9:00 AM -9:45 AM

Opening Ceremony

























































































































9:45 AM-10:00 AM

Dispersal for Session

























































































































10:00 AM -10:45 AM

Orientation

























































































































8:15 AM -9:00 AM

Registration

























































































































10:45 AM - 11:00 AM TEA BREAK

























































































































11:00 AM -1:00 PM

Session     1

























































































































1:00 PM - 1:30 PM LUNCH

























































































































1:30PM -4:00 PM

Session     2

























































































































4:00 PM - 4:15 PM

Committee Review

























































































































4:15 PM - 4:30 PM TEA BREAK

























































































































DAY 2

























































































































8:30 AM -11:00 AM

Session     3

























































































































11:00AM - 11:15 AM Tea Break

























































































































11:15 AM -1:00 PM

Session    4

























































































































1:00PM - 1:30 PM Lunch

























































































































1:30 PM-2:00 PM

Closing Ceremony

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

VALEDICTORY 

Welcome Address, Chief Guest’s Address, Principal’s Note,   Prize Distribution and Vote of Thanks